Fruit flies have brick red eyes, are yellow-brown in color, and have transverse black rings across their abdomen. They can be a major agricultural pest, with the potential to destroy up to 100 percent of some crops.

Females lay some four hundred eggs, about five at a time, into rotting fruit or other suitable material, such as decaying mushrooms and sap fluxes

These hard-to-control orchard pests include the apple maggot, blueberry maggot, cherry fruit fly, walnut husk fly, and numerous quarantined exotic species (the Mediterranean fruit fly, for example). The native flies are a little smaller than houseflies; they’re black with white stripes and have banded and spotted wings, The maggots, which feed inside fruits and nuts, are small, whitish, and legless.